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Citizenship

Ways of Acquiring Polish Citizenship

 

Acquisition and loss of Polish citizenship is regulated by the Law on Polish Citizenship of April 2nd, 2009 (Ustawa o obywatelstwie polskim z dnia 2 kwietnia 2009 r., z późniejszymi zmianami, Dz. U. z dnia 14 lutego 2012 r.).

 

  • By birth to a Polish citizen:

A child acquires Polish citizenship if at least one parent is a Polish citizen, irrespective of place of birth (art. 14 pkt 1 of the said Law) - the ius sanguinis rule.

 

  • By birth/being found on Polish soil:

If a child is born or found on Polish soil and both parents are unknown or their citizenship is unknown, or they have no citizenship (art. 14 pkt 2 and art. 15 of the said Law), a child acquires by law Polish citizenship - the ius soli rule.

 

  • By adoption:

A minor foreigner adopted by a Polish citizen (by Polish citizens) acquires Polish citizenship if the full adoption had been completed before the child turned 16 years. Thus, the child is considered as possessing Polish citizenship from the moment of his\her birth.

 

  • By granting Polish citizenship:

Polish citizenship can be granted by the President of the Republic of Poland.

 

  • By restoring Polish citizenship:

Polish citizenship can be restored by the Minister of Interior.

 

  • By recognition as a Polish citizen:

A foreigner living in Poland can receive Polish citizenship by recognition as a Polish citizen . The decision is issued by a proper Provincial Governor (wojewoda). Consul does not accept petitions for recognition as a Polish citizen.

 

 

 

For more information or to make an appointment contact with the Visa and Citizenship Section by e-mail: london.citizenship@msz.gov.pl

 

 

 

© 2012 Ministry of Foreign Affairs